How Will Oklahomas K-12 Students Be Tested?
By Linda Murphy
Student testing is in transition across America. We typically think of students taking tests so we can see if they have learned the facts, knowledge, information and academic skills expected at their grade level. Today, however, there are major efforts being made to test more...... much more. Before we go there and jump on "the newest bandwagon" we need to take a very close look. We should step back and ask "Why are we testing students? What do we need to know about students and why do we need to know it?"
There is great anxiety growing among teachers and parents in several states because testing is being expanded into what is called "Soft Skills" or "Social and Emotional Learning" (SEL). This new testing is being added to tests required by some states as part of their accountability system. SEL testing can also be embedded into curriculum sold directly to schools in states where SEL testing isn't required.
SEL testing is frequently found in programs delivered by computer software or online but can also be found in pencil and paper tests or in simple surveys printed on paper. Social and Emotional Learning involves psychological or behavioral performance, which is classified in the "Affective Domain" and includes emotions, feelings, attitudes, values and beliefs.
The goals used in traditional teaching and testing are from the "Cognitive Domain" including mental skills used in academics. For years, teachers have been writing and teaching traditional lessons focused on skills in the Cognitive Domain.
In my college courses I learned to write Individualized Education Plans, IEPs, for students with special learning needs. Students with IEPs had individualized traditional cognitive or academic goals but also sometimes had needs for "Affective" or behavioral goals and at times they needed goals from the Psycho-motor Domain or manual/physical skills. (These three domains are from "Bloom's Taxonomy" classification system.)
Never....ever... would I (nor any professional educator) write plans, test or train a student in the Affective or Psycho-motor skills without parental consent. It is illegal and potentially dangerous to work with students in the psychological area of emotions, feelings, attitudes, values and beliefs except with parental consent and a certified professional administering the test and interpretation of test results. The student's test results and IEP are called "confidential files" and are kept in locked cabinets. I always guard the key for security. But now under President Obama's administration, states have created State Longitudinal Data Systems where even confidential student information can be stored if state officials allow it.
We are entering an era of unprecedented efforts to deliver testing and training for students via technology. Instead of being certain that a certified professional educator who knows and cares about your child will be in the classroom making a final decision about what your child is given, we now must consider that more and more teachers are being moved to the side while technology delivered programs take center stage.
In some programs critical decisions that affect your child's future are being made without the classroom teacher's input. In those situations the teacher may not have an opportunity to see or evaluate what their students will see and be learning while sitting at the computer.
Some of the newest technology is delivering "adaptive" curriculum and assessments containing SEL items. These computer delivered programs will "adapt" and become individualized to each student's performance level as they respond to tasks on the screen. Other new interactive programs are designed like games where the student responds to a screen display and their performance is recorded. There are games being designed to score both psychological and academic skills for a "fun" and often undetected form of testing.
As I said in the opening...... Before we go there and join "the newest bandwagon" we need to take a very close look. We should step back and ask: Why are we testing students? What do we need to know about students and why do we need to know it?
This is just the tip of the iceberg as we consider challenges in choosing the best direction for Oklahoma Public Schools and we strive to provide unlimited opportunities for all students to learn to the best of their individual ability in a safe school environment.